Scaling and Root Planning

Gum Disease

Definition
Gum disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth.
The three stages of gum disease:
1. Gingivitis
2. Periodontitis
3. Advanced periodontitis

Signs & Symptoms

• Swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums
• Gums that recede or move away from the tooth
• Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth
• Loose teeth
• Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums

Scaling and Root planing

Bacterial plaque is a sticky film that continuously forms around the teeth. The accumulation of bacterial plaque around the teeth can advance beneath the gum. Over time, it hardens into dental calculus.

Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure done to treat periodontal disease.

The procedure involves scaling all plaque, and calculus deposits from your teeth and root surfaces, and then root planing, which smoothes all rough areas on your roots’ surfaces.

It’s a deeper cleaning which may take more than one appointment to complete. Local anesthetic is often used to minimize any discomfort.

Your dentist will often prescribe an antibacterial mouthwash to reduce bacteria in your mouth.

Periodontal Maintenance

Routine dental visits should occur every 6 months, but they must become more frequent if you experience any of the above symptoms.

Re-evaluation should occur four weeks following scaling and root planing. Routine maintenance visits should occur every three to four months.