A simple extraction is a procedure on a tooth that can be seen in the mouth. Your dentist will inject local anesthetic to numb the area. The dentist loosens the tooth with an instrument called an elevator. Then the dentist uses forceps to remove the tooth.
After the extraction, your dentist will advise you of what post extraction regimen to follow, in most cases a small amount of bleeding is normal.
A surgical extraction is a more complex procedure, which is used if a tooth may have broken at the gum line or has not erupted in the mouth. The oral surgeon will make a small incision into your gum to surgically remove the broken tooth or impacted wisdom tooth.
After extraction care
Avoid anything that might prevent normal healing:
Rinsing your mouth vigorously
Drinking through a straw
Don’t clean the teeth next to the tooth socket for a few days